He was in Switzerland at the time of the indictment and never returned to the United States throughout the rest of his life. He helped run the company
He was in Switzerland at the time of the indictment and never returned to the United States throughout the rest of his life. He helped run the company’pdf clinton foundation 2013 tax return operations in Cuba, Bolivia, and Spain. AG, which would later become Glencore Xstrata Plc. 1970s, drawing business away from the larger established oil companies that had relied on traditional long-term contracts for future purchases.
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It was this highly leveraged business model that became the template for modern traders, including Trafigura, Vitol, and Glencore. Philipp Brothers afforded Rich the opportunity to develop relationships with various dictatorial régimes and embargoed nations. Chile among the clients he serviced. According to Ammann, “he had no regrets whatsoever. He used to say ‘I deliver a service. People want to sell oil to me and other people wanted to buy oil from me. I am a businessman, not a politician.
Middle Eastern contacts to circumvent the embargo and buy crude oil from Iran and Iraq. Rich doubled the price and sold it to supply-starved U. Iran despite the American embargo. Iran would become Rich’s most important supplier of crude oil for more than 15 years. Rich sold Iranian oil to Israel through a secret pipeline. Due to the indictment filed against Rich for violating U.
250 million during March 1984. 0 billion as of 2010. The charges would have led to a sentence of more than 300 years in prison had Rich been convicted on all counts. At the time it was the biggest tax evasion case in U. Switzerland and, always insisting that he was not guilty, never returned to the U. Britain, Germany, Finland, and Jamaica.
Fearing arrest, he did not even return to the United States to attend his daughter’s funeral in 1996. On January 20, 2001, hours before leaving office, U. Several of Clinton’s strongest supporters distanced themselves from the decision. Democrat, said, “I don’t think there is any doubt that some of the factors in his pardon were attributable to his large gifts. In my opinion, that was disgraceful. Clinton himself later expressed regret for issuing the pardon, saying that “it wasn’t worth the damage to my reputation. 250,000 from Rich over the years also wrote to President Clinton for Rich’s controversial pardon.
United States Holocaust Memorial Council, which oversees the U. Although none of the figures other than Foxman were investigated for their support of Rich’s pardon. Clinton later claimed on more than one occasion that Jewish pressure contributed to his decision to pardon Rich. Israeli officials of both major political parties and leaders of Jewish communities in America and Europe urged the pardon of Mr. Israel did influence me profoundly”. Speculation about another rationale for Rich’s pardon involved his alleged involvement with the Israeli intelligence community.
Ammann said was confirmed by a former Israeli intelligence officer. According to Ammann, Rich had helped finance the Mossad’s operations and had supplied Israel with strategic amounts of Iranian oil through a secret oil pipeline. The aide to Rich who had persuaded Denise Rich to personally ask President Clinton to review Rich’s pardon request was a former chief of the Mossad, Avner Azulay. Clinton’s last-minute pardon of Rich. According to Quinn, Holder had advised that standard procedures be bypassed and the pardon petition be submitted directly to the White House. Congressional investigations were also launched.
White House staff advising the president on the pardon request had urged Clinton to not grant Rich a pardon. Federal investigators ultimately found no evidence of criminal activity. As a condition of the pardon, it was made clear that Rich would drop all procedural defenses against any civil actions brought against him by the United States upon his return there. That condition was consistent with the position that his alleged wrongdoing warranted only civil penalties, not criminal punishment.
Rich never returned to the United States. Rich’s companies’ tax-reporting position had been reasonable. During Congressional hearings after Rich’s pardon, Libby, who had represented Rich from 1985 until the spring of 2000, denied that Rich had violated the tax laws but criticized him for trading with Iran at a time when that country was holding U. Rich and Glencore on major projects in the past, even after his indictment in 1983.