Hidden challenge of cross-border negotiations pdf

The Doha Development Round started in 2001. India, Brazil, China, and South Africa. Since the breakdown of negotiations in 2008, there have been repea

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The Doha Development Round started in 2001. India, Brazil, China, and South Africa. Since the breakdown of negotiations in 2008, there have been repeated attempts to revive hidden challenge of cross-border negotiations pdf talks, so far without success.

A report to the WTO General Council by Lamy in May 2012 advocated “small steps, gradually moving forward the parts of the Doha Round which were mature, and re-thinking those where greater differences remained. The negotiations are being held in five working groups and in other existing bodies of the WTO. Before the Doha ministerial, negotiations had already been under way on trade in agriculture and trade in services. However, some countries, including the United States, wanted to expand the agriculture and services talks to allow trade-offs and thus achieve greater trade liberalization. These issues were pushed at successive ministerials by the European Union, Japan and Korea, and opposed by most developing countries. Since no agreement was reached, the developed nations pushed that any new trade negotiations must include the mentioned issues. Some government officials called for greater political cohesion and saw the trade negotiations as a means toward that end.

Some officials thought that a new round of multilateral trade negotiations could help a world economy weakened by recession and terrorism-related uncertainty. The intent of the round, according to its proponents, was to make trade rules fairer for developing countries. However, by 2008, critics were charging that the round would expand a system of trade rules that were bad for development and interfered excessively with countries’ domestic “policy space”. The 2001 ministerial declaration established an official deadline for concluding negotiations for the Doha round at January 1, 2005. The 2003 Cancún talks—intended to forge concrete agreement on the Doha round objectives—collapsed after four days during which the members could not agree on a framework to continue negotiations.

Low key talks continued since the ministerial meeting in Doha but progress was almost non-existent. This meeting was intended to create a framework for further negotiations. The Cancún ministerial collapsed for several reasons. The EU had retreated on few of its demands, but several developing countries refused any consideration of these issues at all. Second, it was questioned whether some countries had come to Cancún with a serious intention to negotiate.

Third, the wide difference between developing and developed countries across virtually all topics was a major obstacle. Fourth, there was some criticism of procedure. Some claimed the agenda was too complicated. The collapse seemed like a victory for the developing countries. The failure to advance the round resulted in a serious loss of momentum and brought into question whether the 1 January 2005 deadline would be met. The developing countries were seen as finally having the confidence to reject a deal that they viewed as unfavorable.

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While the G20 presumes to negotiate on behalf of all of the developing world, many of the poorest nations continue to have little influence over the emerging WTO proposals. The aftermath of Cancún was one of standstill and stocktaking. Negotiations were suspended for the remainder of 2003. He also said that the Singapore issues could progress by negotiating on trade facilitation, considering further action on government procurement, and possibly dropping investment and competition. This intervention was credited at the time with reviving interest in the negotiations, and negotiations resumed in March 2004.

The Singapore issues were moved off the Doha agenda. Compromise was also achieved over the negotiation of the Singapore issues as the EU and others decided. With these issues pushed aside, the negotiators in Geneva were able to concentrate on moving forward with the Doha Round. The agreement also abandoned the 1 January 2005 deadline for the negotiations and set December 2005 as the date for the 6th ministerial to be held in Hong Kong. Trade negotiators wanted to make tangible progress before the December 2005 WTO meeting in Hong Kong, and held a session of negotiations in Paris in May 2005. Paris talks were hanging over a few issues: France protested moves to cut subsidies to farmers, while the US, Australia, the EU, Brazil and India failed to agree on issues relating to chicken, beef and rice.